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Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta   arrow

sierra-nevada

The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is the highest coastal range of mountains in the world.Called by some ‘The Mother of the Andes’ but is a seperate tectonic plate to the rest of the Andes. It covers an area of 8000 square miles and within 30 miles rises from the white sandy Caribbean beaches to snow capped glacial peaks at 17,000 feet.

It is home to approximately 20,000 indigenous people ( Kogi,Wi-Wa,Arhuacos & Kankuamo ) and 180,000 farmers and an immense amount of plant and animal species, about 50% of which are unique in the world.The nine biospheres that exist in the rest of Colombia live together here.In the Sierra Nevada there is coral reefs,mangrove swamps,deserts,dry woods,rain forest, Andean and Sub-Andean forests,plains,high plains and the snow capped twin peaks of Colon and Bolivar. It was named a Human and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986.

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